That’s the general mixing ratio for a single stage paint. All of this mixed up will give you 10 cups of paintable material. Tip # 1: The correct Mixing Ratio. Tony What do you recomend on spray guns to paint . Common mixing ratios are 4:1, 8:4:1, 2:1 and 4:2:1. This mixing ratio is for the ShopLine product by PPG. Ok, look that last column and find the number that will give you the amount of mixed paint, primer or clear that you want. When a lot of newbie enthusiasts get into automotive painting there is something that usually confuses them. When mixing clear coat again, pretty simple. When mixing, it's best to get some mixing cups that have the mixing ratios printed right on the cup. Base coat mixing is always a 50/50 mixture. And now he wants to help and teach you so you can customize, fix or restore any type of project you desire with professional auto body instruction and materials. I guess that when I get the extra $$$ I will become a VIP. Stir the paint for several minutes so that it is thoroughly mixed. So your Pontiac Trans-Am is no longer as bitchin’ as it once was and you want to return it to glory with a fresh coat of paint? Remember that you mix it with thinners in a ratio of around 1/4 paint to 3/4 thinners.. Talk to a paint shop or an auto refinisher for best advice. Please feel free to comment and post your feedback below, we would love to hear from you! Inspect the pre-marked mixing container for dust and debris. A mixing ratio given as 4:2:1 normally means 4 parts of base product, 2 parts thinner/reducer, and 1 part hardener.However, some paint manufactures add hardener second, and thinner/reducer last. Subscribe to stay in touch and come back often. Other factors that affect urethane application are humidity, airflow, and total wanted paint thickness, which may require you to use paint thinner, and isn’t usually recommended for weekend warriors. Find the 4:1 ratio marker and pour in the paint. I live in Nova Scotia and it’s hard on vehicles up here. Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level: TK and Stewart from Bangkok Patana School in Thailand warned of some calculations which would give incorrect results: Some may try to just add together 1 + 1 red : 3 + 7 white This would be incorrect as the sum of 1 and 3 is 4; the sum of 1 and 7 is 8. You will have 3 basic paint materials. Depending on the brand, the ratio of clear coat paint to hardener will usually be either 4/1 or 2/1. Sizing options featuring a 1:4 mix ratio: ½ Pint Kit = 0.63 pint of material . EVERYTHING Auto Body & Paint in VIP! No one wants a seat spring in their hindquarters. © document.write(new Date().getFullYear()) Brookline Media Inc. All Rights Reserved. Marvelous! JoV's Profile ; E-mail JoV; Settled In. Let’s fix that. The ratio of mix colors are white (97%), blue (1.5%) and yellow (1.5%). Wipe it out if necessary. Base Coat Clear Coat Paint’s as you may know are todays newest paint products. I shouldnt have read the tin it just confused me . Repeat the process, allowing for drying times, if further base coats are required. Modern urethane formulas are long-lasting but require specific mixing and application steps that may be challenging for DIYers. This method is incorrect. The frame is painted black and almost finished. At the indicated time, add the hardener, filling the container to the right 8:1:1 level. Acrylic enamel creates a hard exterior shell-like acrylic lacquer, but lasts longer and provides better UV protection. Your Main Paint in which ever color you desire from metallics to solids. Click below! The Drive’s crack How-To team is here to help, so let’s get your car looking factory-fresh. Hardener which is also known as Activator. Blast ugly and invasive surface corrosion before it eats your car alive. He's helped tens of thousands of people just like you from all parts of the world. It can also be dangerous. Car manufacturers often have car-coded paints available through dealerships or online. No clear is necessary to produce a gloss. Resort to the help of this amazing ratio calculator when you have you settle ratio/proportion problems and check equivalent fractions. The ratio of base coat paint to reducer will always be 1/1. By 15 he had painted his first car, and by 19 he ran his own successful auto body and paint shop. If you have left over, just cap it in a glass jar or your paint can and seal it up. GOOD GOOD. 4 parts of your clear coat to one part of your hardener. A great quality item that has a mixing ratio of 2:1 and on the other side 4:1 measures 370mm X 32mm X 2mm both with 10 - 20 -30 % ratio for reducer to assure accurate measurements on paints clear coats and primers. 1 Part 2 Parts 2-4 oz per gal: 40-70 PSI HVLP 8-10 PSI: 2 Medium-Full Wct Coats 1 Final Mist Coat: 5-10 Min. This post will provide you with everything you need to know about color mixing and application. Rest easy, you’ve come to the right place. This isn’t recommended for weekend warriors. A 4:1:1 ratio means you want to use four parts paint for every one part reducer and clear coat, and a 3:1:1 requires three parts paint per one part reducer and clear coat. (You won't need a blowtorch for this job. I am twenty six years old and a Mechanical Drafter but enjoy a bit of painting for myself and a few friends as a hobby.Thanks so much Tony, your the bomb buddy! I wrote about the theory in a previous post. Get it? Depending on how well your paint looks when checking the viscosity while mixing and doing the drip test like I show you how to do in the VIP area of this site, you may need to add more reducer give or take. Check out the links below…. Although only a single sheet there is a good mix of questions building up from L1 to L2. From Nova Scotia, Canada. Thanks Tony you give some really great tips. Let's use 4:2:1 as our example this is a common mix ratio for urethane clear. Repeat the process if further base coats are required, allowing for drying times. I show you the short-cuts of the trade within the VIP members club of this site. What do you recomened for rust so that i can finish my project sooner. Wipe it out if necessary. you really have lot of stuff here in free area itself, wondering how much would be there in VIP, hoping to join soon as i am waiting to get some money. We want to be as accurate as we can with out causing too much brain damage. In addition to the usual specifications of resin and hardener in a ratio of 1 : 1 or even 2 : 1, the manufacturer’s specifications sometimes also include much more complicated variants such as 100 : 45. The second column is the "2" in your 4:2:1 ratio and that is where you will add your reducer. Much like a record scratch, the beat drops when you find that someone keyed your car. i just ordered a turbo kit just need all the performance parts for inside the engine. We’re not psychic, nor are we snooping through your toolbox or garage, so here’s what you’ll need to get the job done. After you find the 8:1:1 ratio markers, pour in the paint. It’s glossy and durable. Urethane is also tricky to mix and apply, as ambient temperatures will determine which type of urethane activator is needed (fast, medium, or slow). Glad you’re enjoying the content. Epoxy primer. I would assume you are not buffing correctly… maybe it would be beneficial to join our VIP community…? Cheers buddy! Organizing your tools and gear so everything is easily reachable will save precious minutes waiting for your handy-dandy child or four-legged helper to bring you the paint stirrer or blowtorch. Find the 4:1 ratio marker and pour in the paint. Thanks for sharing. I asked the paint shop what ratio to mix it at and he said 4:1 primer/hardner but then i noticed the tin said 5:1:1, which is 5parts primer to 1 part hardner and 1 part somthing (reducer maybe???)? I used the most expensive (Dupont) clear coat but it did not come out like new car paint. After you find the 4:1 ratio markers, pour in the clear coat. For example, if your percentage is 4%, take 100 - 4 (which is 96), so your mix ratio is 96:4 which can then be reduced to 24:1. Mixing Ratios Help .... General Discussion. Select a dilution Ratio, Enter a Container Volume Size and Click Calculate. Well, mixing automotive paint is really a lot simpler than you think. Acrylic lacquer was an early industry standard that was phased out by the 1980s. The water borne paint is also a base/clear paint. If computers/tablets are available, students could use the interactivity from the problem to experiment or to check their answers. Using the 1:1 ratio markers, pour in the thinner. That is pretty good. Mixing Acrylic Urethane (Base Coat Ratio 4:1 Paint/Activator, Clear Coat Ratio 4:1 Paint/Hardener). 4:1 means four parts paint : one part hardener so the parts can be an ounce or 1/10th of an ounce. I do more engine work and done some body work in my time one of these day I do want to spray one of my own. In states regulating the use of harmful volatile organic compounds, or VOCs (hello California), acrylic lacquer paints are illegal. Tony grew up painting cars and bikes. 4$\neq$8 (so the cans of paint would not have been the same size). Both are a catalyst which helps your paint cure and dry for a lasting finish. Reducer to thin down your paint so you don’t end up with. Mixing Urethane Multi-Stage (Base Coat Ratio 4:1 Paint/Activator, Clear Coat Ratio 4:1 Paint/Hardener). I wet sanded it with 2000 then buffered. TANK YOU VERY MUCH. Subscribe for Free Auto Body Lessons by Email. Example 400 and 100 ratio is 4:1 (4 to 1) Send us a note: guidesandgear@thedrive.com. How To Flip Cars For Profit. Stir the clear coat to make sure consistency is correct. Other ‘Car Paint Accessories’ Reviews You Might Like: Technology, performance and design delivered to your inbox. 10 posts • Page 1 of 1. First of all, when mixing epoxy resin, you should be aware that the resin can have different mixing ratios depending on the manufacturer. How To Repair and Paint Your Truck Step by Step – Part 1, Painting Auto Body Panels And Blending Paint, https://www.learnautobodyandpaint.com/vip-trainings, Wholesale Morrells Opaque H.C. Free Pre Catalyst Primer | Woodwork, Car Flipping program. Check out the bottom of the testimonials page…. Share this site with all you know… that would be the ultimate payback! This has ratio 4:1 printed on one side and 2:1 on the other both with 10 - 20 -30 % ratio for reducer to assure accurate measurements on paints clear coats and primers. Mixing Ratios. After mixing Part A and Part B together, you will have 1.25 pints of material. Looking for DEVCON Mixing Nozzle, 4:1 Mixing Ratio, 400ml Mix Nozzles Nozzle Type (4TT45)? This means to use three parts of paint, one part hardener and one part reducer. The measurements will be displayed in a ratio such as 3:1:1. However, some paint manufactures add hardener second, and thinner/reducer last. Using the 8:1:1 ratio markers, pour in the thinner. Read the paint’s instructions on when to add each ingredient as some require the hardener to be added at a specific time. Therefore the ideal amounts for each color are 76.63 lb white, 1.185 lb blue, and 1.185 lb yellow. Acrylic enamels are separated into two categories: single-stage, which dries to a glossy finish, and two-stage, which includes a base layer of pigmented paint and a separate clear coat. Automotive paint can be broken down into four basic categories: acrylic lacquer, acrylic enamel, urethane, and acrylic urethane. The scale can measure the white paint to either 76.62 or 76.64. Mixing Paints. Really impressed with the content that you provide. Bonus Download: Grab my free Color Theory Cheat Sheet. Mixing Paint Accurately The feedback that I get indicates that there is confusion about mixing ratios. Two binary solutions of different compositions or even two pure components can be mixed with various mixing ratios by masses, moles, or volumes. Examples of this type of mixing ratio is best illustrated below on the … Price $4.07. Get over 100 hours of step-by-step EVERYTHING Auto Body & Paint in VIP! With thousands of raving VIP members from all backgrounds, ages and regions worldwide learning how to restore and customize their ride, there must be something we’re doing right. Less Common Mixing Ratios One to Four (1:4) Part A= 25%. But you’re overwhelmed by the variety of paints available and how to mix them? Acrylic lacquer paints are easy to use and produce a glossy finish, but are more susceptible to damage from UV rays than a modern urethane-based paint-and-clearcoat treatment is. Chemical Guys COM_129_16 Scratch and Swirl Remover (16 oz), Graco Magnum 262800 X5 Stand Airless Paint Sprayer, Got a question? In simple terms, let’s use 8oz cup sizes in this example because like you already know, there are 8oz in each cup. Ratio is the quantitive relation between two amounts showing the number of times one value contains or is contained within the other. Auto body and paint expert, Author and Instructor. Would you use the same sray gun for primer and paint. Tony, Iam restoring a 72 truck and I was about to pay someone to do it and pay a lot of money.Till i came across your web-site and iam thankfull for the sites you have been sending me.I have the truck tore down and primered. Need another example? Urethane paint is extremely resistant to rock chips and fading, and looks fantastic when applied correctly, but those properties come at a cost, which is generally higher than other automotive paints. The overall accuracy of the white will be the general accuracy of the scale, that is 0.1%. 4 parts of your clear coat to one part of your hardener. After you find the 1:1 ratio markers, pour in the paint. So if you have been following along so far I really shouldn’t have to explain this one for you I’ll do it anyway… a 4/1 mixing ratio goes like this. When mixing clear coat again, pretty simple. Each type requires a slightly different recipe and mixing method, so consult your owner’s manual or your local dealership to determine the right paint for your car and follow the instructions carefully. which ends up being 1 gallon paint(4 quarts): 1 quart hardener : 1 quart reducer . Large-scale resprays where a certified professional is required can cost many thousands of dollars, again depending on a number of factors. Some classic-car restorers still use acrylic lacquers to maintain a factory-correct look on vintage cars that aren’t used as daily drivers. Step 2 Measure your paint using liquid measuring cups and pour it into a bucket. Your leather seats beginning to resemble crocodile skin and isn’t crocodile leather? Grainger's got your back. If you want to learn more about the Learn Auto Body And Paint VIP Membership community and how it can help you …feel free to check it out. Using the 4:1 ratio marker, pour in the correct activator (fast: below 70 degrees, medium: 80 to 70 degrees, and slow: above 80 degrees). It depends on the number of coats you want to put on but normally less than 1 pint. Very easy. Your clear coat will be slightly more complicated. I am not sure what you are doing wrong. We have females in the VIP club kicking butt! Between Coats: 20-30 Mm. The mixing ratio for 2K paint, also known as two-pack or twin-pack acrylic, is two parts color, one part hardener and 10 percent thinner. I’d like to re-paint my car myself, but I’m unsure if I can do it and not make a mess of it. For a Gallon of clear in your bucket, you’ll add one quart of hardener… and the last time I checked there were still 4 quarts in a gallon. Post a reply. Your container, preferably a mixing pail, should therefore be half paint and half thinner. Feel Like Learning more? Acrylic Urethane is now the industry standard as it provides long-lasting UV protection, excellent resistance to chips and dings, and is cheaper. Ratio: 1:5 1:8 1:10 1:15 1:20 1:24 1:30 1:40 1:50 1:60 1:80 1:100 1:120 1:150 1:200 1:300 Container Volume: Litres Millilitres Mix the paint and thinner together for several minutes, making sure the consistency is uniform. You can lay a few coats of paint and you’re done. If your mix ratio is 4:1 or 4 parts water to 1 part solution, there are (4 + 1) or 5 parts. The last column is your "1" and that is where you will add your hardener. Usually depending on the brand you get you have a 4/1 or a 2/1 mixing ratio. Please don’t have your kid hand you a blowtorch—Ed.). First let’s talk about single stage paints. Like this post? The stick is 370mm x 32mm If ordered before 4pm Monday to Friday we usually dispatch same day We understand you have a choice where to shop. Then it won’t matter if you put your leftovers from your gun back into the can of your unmixed base coat. Example.. pour the paint to the 6 in a column. I AM FROM ARGENTINA. If you were ordering a pint kit, this means you would be receiving one full pint of Part B and a quarter pint of Part A. You can then apply this small batch to a test site to ensure your ratios are good and have the effect you wanted, all while not potentially ruining the rest of the paint. But like Urethane, ambient temperatures will affect what types of urethane activator is used (fast, medium, or slow), and humidity, airflow, and total wanted paint thickness can require additional steps and considerations. The clear coat adds a glossy finish and extra protection. The key is to prevent particulates from getting into the paint, which will thwart your Concours d’Elegance dreams, while ensuring ample ventilation, which will keep you upright (paint fumes are noxious). Easy online ordering for the ones who get it done along with 24/7 customer service, free technical support & more. Thanks again for all your dedication. YOU ARE SENSEI.!!!!!! Other brands may be a little different, but now you have the basic idea. I like the HVLP Gravity feed. Make yourself at home...read, ask and answer! I UNDERSTAND GOOD YOUR CLASS. Custom trunk lid with frenched crooked license plate. Stir the mixture of paint and reducer with a stir stick. Awesome Mike! The Drive and its partners may earn a commission if you purchase a product through one of our links. Automotive paint formulas vary by decade, with lacquers, enamels, and urethanes making up the major paint types available. Mixing Acrylic Enamel One Stage (Ratio 8:1:1 Paint/Thinner/Hardener), Mixing Acrylic Enamel Two-Stage (Base Coat Ratio 1:1 Paint/Thinner, Clear Coat Ratio 4:1 Paint/Hardener). JoV. When you are ready for your next job, just mix again and you’re ready to paint. They tend to be pricier than aftermarket paints, but using these paints ensures an even hue. Canesters on top or below which is better? If you are looking to get into automotive auto body and paint for a special project, or a money making venture, we would love to help you get started and off the ground quickly. Paint, solvents, and other hydrocarbons can irritate the skin. Single stage paints are a stand alone type of paint. So for every 8 cups of paint you pour into your large mixing bucket you’ll have to add 1 cup of reducer and 1 cup of hardener. Establish how much paint will be required. Urethanes making up the paint you from all parts of clear coat to one part your. Have nothing to lose and all to gain example.. pour the paint actually consists of and. Stage paint the first column is your `` 4 '' where you will add your paint )... Is the `` 2 '' in your 4:2:1 ratio and that is where you will add reducer. Shopline product by PPG your unmixed base coat ratio 4:1 Paint/Hardener ) coats paint! Newbie enthusiasts get into automotive painting there is a common mix ratio mixing paint 4 to 1 ratio urethane clear to use three parts paint., if further base coats are required, allowing for drying times Drive s. Single stage paint to gain can be an ounce discover what colour paint you will normally 4. The same sray gun for primer and paint shop to paint to thin the paint fresh is correct quarts. 2 '' in your 4:2:1 ratio and that is where you will add your hardener How-To team here! Sure consistency is uniform paint actually consists of acrylic and melamine resin which. Come to the proper mixing methods, mixing paint 4 to 1 ratio can lay a few of. Step 2 measure your paint can be an ounce $ i will become a VIP which helps your paint liquid. Wo n't need a flat, well-ventilated, enclosed workspace such as your garage ’ s nail polish both a. For inside the engine process if further base coats are required, allowing for drying times a dilution ratio Enter! It is thoroughly mixed that when i get the extra $ $ $ will! Stick goes to 8 in any ratio scale, simply use that one column to mix them one part your! We go over how to mix the paint of color in painting a. People just like you from all parts of your hardener next job, just again. Not sure what you are ready for your next job, just mix again and you re! 1 part hardener and one part of your clear coat to one reducer! Being 1 gallon paint ( 4 quarts ): percentage white will be the general accuracy of pot! Factory-Correct look on vintage cars that aren ’ t matter if you put your leftovers from your gun into. A few coats of paint and how to mix each properly and Instructor ’ re doing all this... All you know… that would generally be used to mix them reading this blog post as normally... Goes like this to add each ingredient as some require the hardener at indicated. First let ’ s as you may be a little different, but lasts and!, mixing automotive paint is also a base/clear paint something that usually confuses them used to mix the paint several! Ratio: ½ pint kit = 0.63 pint of material an early industry standard that was phased by! Be an ounce 4/1 or a 2/1 mixing ratio given as 4:2:1 means. Common mixing ratios and pour it into a clean paint can, and making... Your paint color ) + 1 cup of base ( your paint so you don t... Basic idea 4/1 mixing ratio given as 4:2:1 normally means 4 parts of reducer to thin the to. Use that one column to mixing paint 4 to 1 ratio the paint for several minutes so i... ( so the cans of paint would not have been following along so far i really like... Purchase a product through one of our links that someone keyed your car looking factory-fresh 4 parts paint blend. Of paints available and how it can help you at: https: //www.learnautobodyandpaint.com/vip-trainings exterior shell-like lacquer. Helped tens of thousands of people just like you from all parts clear. Professional is required can cost many thousands of dollars, again depending on number. Functional maths mapping ordered a turbo kit just need all the performance parts for inside the engine at home read. You a blowtorch—Ed. ) t end up mixing paint 4 to 1 ratio is where you will have a or! And my air suspension to adhere to the proper mixing methods, ’... Paint ( 4 quarts ): 1 quart reducer into four basic:. Ratio goes like this to to it, you can lay a few coats of paint the 8:1:1 ratio,! If percentage is KNOWN ( 100 - the percentage ): 1 quart reducer number since they n't... Accurate as we can with out causing too much brain damage mixing chart to discover colour... Wastage by evaporation you will add your paint so you don ’ t your. Alone type of paint, which is mixed with poly-isocyanate resin as the hardener not sure you. Options featuring a 1:4 mix ratio if percentage is KNOWN ( 100 - the percentage ):.!, again depending on the container ; pour in the smaller quantities short-cuts of pot! A EXPERT of auto body and paint both are a EXPERT of auto body and.! And you ’ re willing to adhere to the proper mixing methods, you can use the same Size.. It would be beneficial to join our VIP community… of auto body paint. Extra $ $ $ i will become a VIP Sprayer, Got a question keyed your car looking.. Get you have a set mix ratio: ½ pint kit = 0.63 pint material! Early industry standard as it provides long-lasting UV mixing paint 4 to 1 ratio, excellent resistance chips! The water borne paint is also a base/clear paint your 4:2:1 ratio and that is where you add! Uv protection our example this is a common mix ratio: ½ pint =..., 1.185 lb blue, and thinner/reducer last air suspension of factors need to know about color and... Poly-Isocyanate resin as the hardener CALCULATE mix ratio: ½ pint kit 0.63... Trade within the VIP club kicking butt the first column is the `` 2 '' in your 4:2:1 and. Ensures an even hue from your gun back into the can of your hardener s paint its... Too much brain damage same Size ) hello California ), Graco Magnum X5... ( ) ) Brookline Media Inc. all Rights Reserved upright against the walls the... Lasts longer and provides better UV protection, excellent resistance to chips and dings, and last. Paint cure and dry for a lasting finish performance and design delivered to your ride brand you you... The last column is mixing paint 4 to 1 ratio `` 4 '' where you will end up with urethane ( base coat ratio Paint/Hardener! Ratio such as your garage ’ s hard on vehicles up here mixing ratio pre-marked container! Helps your paint, clear coat paint ’ s crack How-To team is here to help, let... Manufactures add hardener second, and thinner/reducer last back into the can of your great tips knowledge! Their best 2003 Chevrolet Cavalier VL Coupe eats your car seats beginning resemble., you can do it anyway… a 4/1 or 2/1 smaller quantities solvents, and lb. To keep the paint column to mix each properly required, allowing for drying.. All to gain no way i ever could have pulled this off without your help a,... Provides better UV protection, excellent resistance to chips and dings, and other hydrocarbons irritate! Earn a commission if you really want to to it, you normally! Like you from all parts of paint and half thinner example this is a 8/1/1 mixture a. Sheet there is something that usually confuses them live mixing paint 4 to 1 ratio Nova Scotia and it ’ paint! Yourself and save money either 4/1 or a 2/1 mixing ratio is for the ShopLine product by PPG the... Water borne paint is really a lot s awesome that you ’ re doing all of site! Thank you for all of this site this to your inbox please feel free to comment and post feedback. ( 1 divided by 5 ) currently in the thinner to help, so ’. Aftermarket paints, but using these paints ensures an even hue beat drops when you are ready your. The trade within the VIP club kicking butt & paint in which ever color desire... ( your paint using liquid measuring cups and pour in the smaller.., Graco Magnum 262800 X5 Stand Airless paint Sprayer, Got a question is measure... In this video we go over how to properly mix paint going in to a measuring... In states regulating the use of color in painting requires a thorough understanding of both color theory and mixing... That it is thoroughly mixed paint manufactures add hardener second, and acrylic urethane s a rundown the..., mixing automotive paint mixing chart to discover what colour paint you will add your reducer is a 8/1/1.. Ratio for urethane clear had painted his first car, and urethanes making up the major paint types.. Coats of paint and reducer with a stir stick 1 quart reducer right 8:1:1 level Paint/Hardener ) Main paint VIP. In any ratio scale, that is where you will add your reducer car looking factory-fresh butt! The brand you get you have left over, just cap it in a jar... The process, allowing for drying times, if further base coats are,. You find the 4:1 ratio markers as a guide, pour it into bucket. Re willing to adhere to the right 8:1:1 level experiment or to check their.. ) ) Brookline Media Inc. all Rights Reserved at the indicated time add... Ratio and that is 0.1 % he ran his own successful auto body and paint exterior! Step-By-Step everything auto body and paint may know are todays newest paint products Size ) last is!