The IJN's torpedo research and development focused on using highly compressed oxygen instead of compressed air as the fuel oxidizer in the torpedo's propulsion system. 13 mm/76 (0.52") Type 93 (Model 1933) Ship Class Used On: Almost all warships of World War II: Date Of Design: 1933: Date In Service: about 1936: Gun Weight: 92.6 lbs. The Type 94 Nambu 8 mm Pistol (Type 94 Handgun, Japanese: 九四式拳銃 Kyūyon-Shiki Kenjū) is a semiautomatic pistol developed by Kijirō Nambu and his associates for the Imperial Japanese Army.Development of the Type 94 pistol began in 1929, and after several redesigns the final prototype was tested and officially adopted by the Japanese Army in late 1934 (Japanese calendar, 2594). The Type 99 was not an outstanding weapon. The engine used second type air gas, a code name for 98% pure, high-pressure oxygen—the word "oxygen" was not used for secrecy. To feed the machine gun, the Type 93 used thirty round magazine cartridges. The gyrocompass of Type 93 torpedo was 15 cm (5.9 in) in diameter and 7 or 8 cm (2.8 or 3.1 in) thick, spinning at 8,000 rpm. TM-E 30-480, Handbook on Japanese Military Forces. The Type 93's design was largely derived from the M1930 Hotchkiss machine gun as the Type 93 was built under license. A disadvantage of the Type 93 was that it was far more likely to detonate due to shock than a compressed-air torpedo. The weapon found success in the early going, thanks in large part to the many fast-burning, straw-based structures used throughout the Chinese mainland. Check out my video sponsor Omaha Bricks' awesome designs! The Type 92 Battalion Gun (九二式歩兵砲, Kyūni-shiki Hoheihō?) The capabilities of the Type 93 went mostly unrecognized by the Allies until examples were captured intact in 1943. First, compressed air was mixed with fuel, and the mixture was supplied to a heat starter. 30 rounds The same Samar engagement saw the heavy cruiser Suzuya sunk by the detonation of her own Type 93 torpedoes: a bomb near miss starboard amidships set off the torpedoes in the starboard tube mounts; the resultant fires propagated to other torpedoes nearby and beyond; the subsequent explosions damaged one of the boilers and the starboard engine rooms and eventually reached the main magazines. was developed for aerial use for the Imperial Japanese Navy before World War II.It was the standard hand-held machine gun in multi-place IJN aircraft during the most part of the Pacific War.It proved to be seriously inadequate. The U.S. Navy's doctrine, presuming an invasion by Japan of the Philippines (an American commonwealth at that time), called for the battle line to fight its way across the Pacific Ocean, relieve or recapture the Phil… The base later became famous as the home base of the manned Kaiten "suicide torpedo". The Type 93 torpedo is 9.61 m (31.5 ft) long and weighs about three tons, while the Kaiten was 15 m (49 ft) long and weighed eight tons. A 53 cm (21 in) version for use by a few IJN submarines was designated the Type 95, and it was ultimately successful. A modification in the design of the flame gun is the only difference between the two types. The Type 93 overall looked and functioned very similarly to its counterpart, larger caliber anti-aircraft weapons such as the Type 96 Autocannon. Some had only one 8.8cm/30 gun while others had a single 10.5cm/45 gun - but some had both originally. Predpokladaný dátum odoslania: utorok, 15.9.2020 Viac informácií na tému dostupnosti a dáta doručenia. Caliber The Imperial Japanese Navy initially tested the torpedoes at Dainyu, Aga-Minami of Kure city, Hiroshima prefecture, Japan, but the long-range Type 93 torpedo called for a relatively large area for launching tests. Total length This means that all responses written here must be relevant to the talk page related article and generally should be focused on improving said article. Type 92 Battalion Gun captured on Guadacanal. Some specification examples of ranges by speed: However, the IJN announced officially the maximum performance of the Type 93 was 11 km (12,000 yd) at 78 km/h (42 kn). As such, it was typically mounted on ships and other stationary anti-aircraft positions. "oxygen torpedo") is also used, in reference to its propulsion system. The Hotchkiss 13.2-millimeter heavy machine guns, which were designed for anti-aircraft applications, became available in the late 1920s, seeing service with the French Army and the French Navy. In one instance, the heavy cruiser Chikuma jettisoned her Type 93s just before being hit by bombs from several USN dive bombers at the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands. In addition, the absence of the inert nitrogen resulted in the emission of significantly less exhaust gas, comprising only carbon dioxide, which is significantly soluble in water, and water vapor, thus greatly reducing tell-tale bubble trails. 4,000 m (Vertical) A gun shield was also mounted. Quickly realizing the superiority of this design in terms of range and firepow… It could fire a 13.2 mm round at a vertical range of up to 4,000 meters. It fired 25 mm shells fed into the gun from 15 round each cartridges inserted into the top of th… Since the IJN had fewer battleships than the U.S. Navy, it planned to use light forces (light cruisers, destroyers, and submarines) to whittle down the U.S. Navy's fleet in a succession of minor battles, mostly at night. To conceal the use of pure oxygen from the ship's crew and any potential enemy, the oxygen tank was named the secondary air tank. The Type 92 designation was for the year the gun was accepted, 2592 in the Japanese imperial year calendar, or 1932 in the Gregorian calendar. Range The Kaiten had a range of 23,000 m (25,000 yd) at 56 km/h (30 kn), and 70,000 m (77,000 yd) at 22 km/h (12 kn). The maximum speed of the Type 93 was 96 km/h (52 kn) and range 22,000 m (24,000 yd). The second type air gas (oxygen) was stored at 225 atm (3,310 psi) in a 980 l (260 US gal) main chamber made by machining a block of nickel chromium-molybdenum steel, an alloy first developed for battleship armour. Type 93 13mm Machine Guns FineMolds WZ04 Type 93 13mm Machine Guns. [3] It was the most advanced naval torpedo in the world at the time. The Type 93 weighed about 2,700 kg (6,000 lb), with a high explosive warhead of about 490 kg (1,080 lb). The Type 94 was developed in order to replace the antiquated type 41 Mountain Gun. Rate of Fire Škála: 1:350. They were used extensively in China. The Type 93 had a maximum range of 40 km (44,000 yd) at 70 km/h (38 kn) with a 490 kg (1,080 lb) high explosive warhead. Shigetaka Onda interviewed Mr. Akagi to write the architecture of Kaiten and its original Type 93 torpedo for his book; Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Japan's Super Torpedo was the Hypersonic Missile of World War II", NavWeap's compilation of technical and development data, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Type_93_torpedo&oldid=989370443, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles lacking in-text citations from December 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Rear Admiral Kaneji Kishimoto and Captain Toshihide Asakuma, 22,000 m (24,000 yd) at 89–93 km/h (48–50 kn), 40,400 m (44,200 yd) at 63–67 km/h (34–36 kn), 22,000 m (24,000 yd) at 89 to 93 km/h (48 to 50 kn), 33,000 m (36,000 yd) at 69 to 72 km/h (37 to 39 kn), 40,400 m (44,200 yd) at 61 to 65 km/h (33 to 35 kn), In store at Explosion Museum of Naval Firepower, part of the National Museum of the Royal Navy, Gosport, Hampshire, England, This page was last edited on 18 November 2020, at 16:22. Soon the air tank was filled with pure oxygen, and combustion continued in the engine. This is an official wiki article talk page. A depth meter controlled the running depth. At the time, the most powerful potential enemy of the Japanese Navy was the United States Navy's Pacific Fleet. A design engineer officer of torpedo section, Kure naval arsenal of the Imperial Japanese Navy, Ryozo Akagi, explained the Type 93 in his notebook.[a]. Anti-Aircraft Gun In contrast, the U.S. Navy's standard surface-launched torpedo of World War II, the 53 cm (21 in) Mark 15, had a maximum range of 14,000 m (15,000 yd) at 49.1 km/h (26.5 kn), or 5,500 m (6,000 yd) at 83 km/h (45 kn), with a significantly smaller 375 kg (827 lb) warhead; torpedoes of other Allied nations did not have longer range. For the American Indian writer, see. While the Type 93 torpedo was dangerous to its user as well as its intended target, the Imperial Japanese Navy felt that its effectiveness outweighed its risks. As with the type 81 and 87, some had only one 8.8 cm/30 gun while others had a single 10.5 cm/45 gun and some had both originally. (This was essentially what the U.S. Navy's "War Plan Orange" expected.). Production Information Type 93 13mm Machine Guns FineMolds WZ04 Type 93 13mm Machine Guns. It was intended to supersede the Type 14 105 mm cannon in front line combat service. Also check if the product actually matches! Like just about any other piece of anti-aircraft artillery, the Type 93 could just as easily be moved into a position to engage ground targets. With a total weight of about 42 kilograms and total length of 1.4 meters, the Type 93 was a very big weapon that was quite immobile. In Japanese references, the term Sanso gyorai (酸素魚雷, lit. It was used during World War II.. The Type 93 (九三式魚雷, designated for Imperial Japanese calendar year 2593) was a 610 mm (24 in)-diameter torpedo of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN), launched from surface ships. It has also been incorrectly referred to as a Type 92, when the "right designation is Type 93". The Type 96 was most notable for its ability to be mounted in single, dual, or triple gun mounts. Ignition started gently, with the mixture burning steadily in the engine (if oxygen was used at this stage, explosions were common). The structure of the Type 93 torpedo can be separated into several parts; from the front, warhead, air chamber, front float, engine compartment, rear float, tail rudders, screw propellers. While the Type 93 was approximately 9 m (30 ft) long and 61 cm (24 in) in diameter, the second type air main chamber was 348 cm (137 in) long, occupying more than a third of the total length of the torpedo. It could fire a … Type The Type 93 overall looked and functioned very similarly to its counterpart, larger caliber anti-aircraft weapons such as the Type 96 Autocannon. Mastelis: 1:350. The many torpedo hits suffered by Allied warships in such engagements led their officers to believe torpedoes had been fired by undetected Japanese submarines operating in concert with the surface warships. The Type 93's design was largely derived from the M1930 Hotchkiss machine gun as the Type 93 was built under license. Produkto kodas: fin-WZ04. The torpedo needed careful maintenance. The first prototype was constructed in 1932, and was accepted into service two years later. The gyrocompass guided the torpedo to the target, allowing even rear-launched torpedoes to turn around and hit a target in front. [4] During the course of the war, 23 Allied warships were sunk after Type 93 hits: 11 cruisers, 11 destroyers, and one fleet aircraft carrier. 1935 Japan During the Battle of Nanjing in the Second Sino-Japanese War, Japanese forces captured a number of German-made SK c/30 anti-aircraft guns from the National Revolutionary Army of the Republic of China. The Type 92 is a light machine gun and not to be confused with the similarly named Type 92 Heavy Machine Gun. Japanese Navy Type 93 or Japanese Army Type Ho twin 13mm heavy machine gun, seen in US Technical Manual TM-E 30-480: Handbook on Japanese Military . Empty weight The Allied warships expected that, if torpedoes were used, they would be fired from not more than 10 km (11,000 yd), their own typical torpedo range. The front of the torpedo contained the warhead, behind which was the shell of the 12 mm (0.47 in) thick main chamber. The tail rudders and side stabilizers were operated by air pressure. Gamintojas: FineMolds. We don't know about any in-box reviews for this IJN Type 93 13mm Twin Machine Gun Set (#IMP-35009R1) from INFINI Model. As American air strikes against IJN ships became more common, captains of destroyers and cruisers under air attack had to decide whether or not to jettison torpedoes to prevent them from being detonated during the attack. The boats had various arrangements of deck guns. "Long Lance" redirects here. Behind the main chamber was the rear section of the torpedo. To talk about the wiki in general, visit the Forums. The Type 92 7.7mm machine gun (九二式七粍七機銃, Kyūni-shiki nana-miri-nana kijū?) The gyro was started when the torpedo was launched. 1 Call of Duty: World at War 1.1 Gallery 2 Call of Duty: Black Ops 2.1 Gallery 3 Trivia 3.1 Call of Duty: World at War 3.2 Call of Duty: Black Ops This gun is the mounted machine gun of the Imperial Japanese Army. The Type 89 is a double barrel machine gun of Japanese origin.12 The weapon is gas operated and fed from unusual overhead fan magazines. It was based on the Oerlikon, for which the Japanese had negotiated a manufacturing license in 1936, but it was continually improved and refined. Many arrangements on these boats were also seen on the WWII type IX boats when their design work took place 20 years later. Magazine Description. It is also known as the Type 2593 "Hokoku" or Type 93 "Kokusan" Armored Car. Type 93 machine gun Quad Mounted Dai-Nippon Teikoku Kaigun (Imperial Japanese Navy 1868–1945) Type 92 light machine gun Dai-Nippon Teikoku Kaigun (Imperial Japanese Navy 1868–1945) Do not confuse with Type 92 heavy machine gun; Vickers 0.50 Machine gun The Japanese Army was using the Type 96 light machine gun, an improvement over the previous Type 11 light machine gun.The Type 96 had been introduced into combat service in 1936, and quickly proved to be a versatile weapon to provide covering fire for advancing infantry. Torpedoes were the only weapon that gave small warships, such as destroyers, the potential to cripple or sink battleships. This sometimes occurred when USN cruisers chased IJN destroyers breaking away from the scene of the battle at high speed during the night, or when American fleet carriers, engaged in flight operations, were targeted by IJN submarines in the South Pacific in 1942–43. 42 kg Type 93 saw extremely wide use in Imperial Japanese Navy but was also used by the Imperial Army as a stand-alone heavy machine gun (primarily in anti-aircraft emplacements) or equipped on vehicles, such as Type 92 Tankettes. Year introduced The outer shell of the torpedo was made of steel panels 3.2 mm (0.13 in) thick, but 1.8 mm (0.071 in) thick at the rear, welded and water-tight. Rear Admiral Jungo Rai explained this weapon in the chapter "Torpedo", in collective work The Full Particulars of Secret Weapons(秘密兵器の全貌, first published by Koyo-sha, Japan, in 1952. 1.4 m In-box reviews. The Type 92 7.7mm machine gun (九二式七粍七機銃, Kyūni-shiki nana-miri-nana kijū) was developed for aerial use for the Imperial Japanese Navy in 1932. Its long range, high speed, and heavy warheads provided a formidable punch in surface battles. Although it was technically designed to be used as an anti-aircraft gun, the Type 96 had a gun elevation range from -10 to 85 degrees meaning that it could just as well engage ground targets and with great success it was oftentimes used in this role. The IJN armed nearly all of its cruisers with Type 93 torpedoes. 450 rpm[1] First type air gas, a code name for air compressed to 230 atm (3,400 psi),[b] from a 13.5 l (3.6 US gal) tank, was used to start the engine. The plates at the engine section were designed to leak water to cool the engine. Media in category "Type 93 13mm AA Machine Gun" The following 6 files are in this category, out of 6 total. This artillery piece was used during the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II.. The main shaft had an inner and outer drive shaft and drove coaxial double four-bladed screws, contra-rotating so as not to rotate the torpedo. Both the Type 93 and Type 100 consisted of a fuel unit, fuel hose, and flame gun. The water pressure board of the torpedo was manually set to five metres, to set the running depth at five metres below the surface, and controlled the side stabilizer to run at that depth. History and development. (1.410 m) [one source says 1.597 m] Barrel Length: 39.5 in (1.003 m) Rifling Length: N/A: Grooves (8) 0.006 in deep (0.15 mm) Lands: N/A: Twist: Uniform RH 1 in 32 1: Chamber Volume: N/A The Type 93 HMG is a stationary weapon featured in Battlefield V. Added with the War in the Pacific Tides of War chapter, the weapon is the standard emplaced machine gun of the Japanese faction. Šiuo metu turimas kiekis yra sandėlyje! 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